Michael, Gabriel and Raphael are three of the seven archangels who stand before God and are venerated in both Jewish and Christian traditions. While once dedicated solely to Michael (Michaelmas), this date now commemorates all three.
Michael (‘Who is like the Lord?’), considered the special protector of Israel (Dan12.1) and of the Church, is known as the ‘captain of the heavenly host’ (Rev 12.7-9).
Gabriel (‘God is mighty’) foretold the coming of the Messiah to the prophet Daniel (Dan 9). Luke records the appearances of this ‘angel of the Lord’ to Zechariah and to Mary of Nazareth (Luke 1).
Raphael (‘God heals’) identifies himself as one of the angels who bring prayers before God (Tobit12). He is associated with the healing pool in Jerusalem (John 5).